Monday, May 16, 2022

Wigwam - Hard 'n' Horny (1969)

Wigwam - Hard 'n' Horny (1969)

Tracklist front / back album covers


Wigwam is a Finnish progressive rock band formed in 1968.

Wigwam was founded after the split of the seminal Blues Section, with whom drummer Ronnie Österberg had played before. He formed the band as a trio, but soon brought in British expatriate singer/songwriter Jim Pembroke and organist Jukka Gustavson. A year later, Pekka Pohjola joined on bass. Kim Fowley produced Wigwam's second album Tombstone Valentine (1970). This album also featured an excerpt of Erkki Kurenniemi's electronic composition 'Dance of the Anthropoids'. The 1974 album Being is often called Wigwam's masterpiece. After its release, though, Pohjola and Gustavson quit the band. Commercially the most successful Wigwam album must be the more pop-oriented Nuclear Nightclub that followed in 1975, with new members Pekka Rechardt on guitar and Måns Groundstroem on bass. The album was recorded in Stockholm with better studios, and featured Esa Kotilainen, the Finnish equivalent of Rick Wakeman, on synthesizer. The effect of the synthesizer was to steer the group away from the organ and piano sound of Gustavson that dominated previous albums. The band from Nuclear Nightclub on had songwriters Pembroke and Rechardt often working together, and the two came to describe the style as "deep pop" instead of progressive rock.

For a time in the 1970s Wigwam seemed poised to break through in Europe, along with bands like Tasavallan Presidentti, but even though they were highly praised by the UK press large-scale international fame eluded them, and by 1978 they had disbanded. Jim Pembroke and Ronnie Österberg formed the Jim Pembroke Band in late 1979, but following health problems with diabetes, Österberg committed suicide on December 6, 1980.

Wigwam reformed in the 1990s with the Pembroke-Rechardt-Groundstroem core intact, and has been active to the present. In Finland they have a lasting (although limited) following, and their influence on Finnish rock music is widely recognised.

In the 2010s, the former members of Wigwam have made concerts billed as Wigwam Unplugged or Wigwam Revisited. The latest line-up consists Mikko Rintanen, Jan Noponen, Måns Groundstroem and Jukka Gustavson with Pekka Nylund playing guitar.

In late 2018, the band made a short 50th anniversary tour in Finland with line-up of Jukka Gustavson, Jim Pembroke, Pekka Rechardt, Esa Kotilainen and Jan Noponen with Pave Maijanen on bass.


Wigwam Band Members / Musicians

Jim Pembroke – vocals, keyboards (1969-2018; died 2021)

Jukka Gustavson – vocals, electric organ (1969–1974, 2018)

Pekka "Rekku" Rechardt – guitar (1974-)

Jan Noponen – drums (1991–1993, 2018)

Esa Kotilainen – keyboards (1974–75, 1977, 2001-)

Pave Maijanen – bass guitar, vocals (2018; died 2021)

Drums
Ronald "Ronnie" Österberg (1968–1980; died 1980)
Jari "Kepa" Kettunen (1993–2006)

Guitar
Vladimir "Nikke" Nikamo (1968–1970)

Bass guitar
Mats Huldén (1968–70, 2004–2006)
Pekka Pohjola (1970–1974; died 2008)
Måns "Måsse" Groundstroem (1974–2003)
Jussi Kinnunen (2003–2004)

Violin
Pekka Pohjola (1970–1974; died 2008)

Keyboards
Heikki "Pedro" (or "Hessu") Hietanen (1975–1977, 1991–1992, 1999–2000)
Mikko Rintanen (1992–1993)

Guest musicians
Jukka Tolonen, guitar (1970–1972), bass (2018)
Esa Kotilainen, keyboards (1974–1975, 1977)
Kristian (Bengt Huhta), vocals (1968)
Ilpo Aaltio, saxophone (1968)
Ilmari Varila, oboe
Tapio Louhensalo, bassoon
Hannu Saxelin, clarinet
Risto Pensola, clarinet
Unto Haapa-aho, bass clarinet
Eero Koivistoinen, soprano saxophone
Pekka Pöyry, soprano saxophone
Pentti Lasanen, clarinet, flute
Paavo Honkanen, clarinet
Aale Lindgren, oboe
Juhani Tapaninen, bassoon
Juhani Aaltonen, flute
Seppo Paakkunainen, flute
Erik Dannholm, flute
Pentti Lahti, flute
Kari Veisterä, flute
Taisto Wesslin, acoustic guitar
Erkki Kurenniemi, VCS3 synthesizer
Jukka Ruohomäki, VCS3 programming assistant
Heikki Laurila, guitar, banjo
Kalevi Nyqvist, accordion
Pedro Hietanen, keyboards (2018)
Mikko Rintanen, keyboards, vocals (2018)
Kepa Kettunen, drums (2018)


Wigwam Discography Full
1969 Hard 'n' Horny
1970 Tombstone Valentine
1971 Fairyport
1974 Being
1975 Nuclear Nightclub
1976 The Lucky Golden Stripes and Starpose
1977 Dark Album
1993 Light Ages
2002 Titans Wheel
2005 Some Several Moons

Compilations and live albums
1972 Wigwam
1975 Live Music from the Twilight Zone
1979 Rumours on the Rebound
1990 Classics — The Rarest
1996 Highlights




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